1, 2 Butanediol
1, 2 Butanediol is produced industrially by hydration of 1, 2-epoxybutane. A colorless transparent liquid that has low toxicity among glycols. It can be used as a humectant, also It is excellent in antibacterial properties that able to use as a preservative.
1, 2 Butanediol has been patented for the production of polyester resins and plasticizers. It is a potential feed-stock for the industrial production of α-ketobutyric acid, a precursor to some amino acids. 1,2-butanediol is used as a skin conditioning agent (humectant), solvent and is used to decrease the overall viscosity of a product.
|Acid Value||Percentage (as acetic acid)||0.01 max|
|Water content||Percentage||0.05 max.|
|Boiling Point||193 °C (760mmHg)|
|Melting Point/Freezing Point||< -50 °C|
|Flash Point||110 °C|
|Auto-ignition Temperature||394 °C|
|Vapour Sressure||2133 Pa (100°C)|
|Specific gravity Sensity||1.002 (20°C)|
|Specific gravity Sensity||N/A|
|Solubility in Sater||Soluble||Solubility in Solvent||N/A|
Animal studies have been performed on the oral and dermal toxicity of the substance and it was shown that 1, 2-butanediol was not significantly toxic by topical administration. Irritation did occur with ocular application when pure; however irritation was not found when lowered to a concentration of 10%.
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